Ideas That Shaped Our Modern World

Humans are a problem-solving animal. We evolve both physically and mentally in response to challenges, which enables us to move beyond our inheritance.

Horses cave art

About 35,000 years ago, our ancestors first began to conceive of a tiered cosmos and to formulate rituals to engage influential forces above and below—an idea that has been with us ever since.

Mohenjo Daro

The relationship between people and their god(s) was of primary importance all over the world. As populations grew, settlements became cities. Order was achieved through religious hierarchy – priests and leaders ensured that they had access to “secrets” using religion to stay powerful.

Seated Mother Goddess of Çatal Höyük
Seated Mother Goddess of Çatal Höyük. Photo by Nevit Dilmen.

The Unseen World: The Rise of Gods and Spirits

The Institute for Cultural Research

“The concentration they bestowed upon their spiritual ideas led men to new ways of thinking which broadened their outlook in other directions. And from early on, this spiritual quest drove people to Herculean efforts which in turn expanded the frontiers of technical possibility…Without their gods to drive them on, it is unlikely that men would have considered, let alone undertaken, such a vast achievement of engineering.”

Further Reading

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